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Defining Possessions

Team possessions are the sum of active or passive team possessions.


We have a passive possession when a team makes a good shot or a technical foul and the other team is entitled to the ball by rule. In these tests there is also a passive possession in every game start.

All the other possessions are active possessions: steals, rebounds, turnovers, violations etc.
A possession ends when a field goal is attempted, on a jump ball or turnover and after the last good free throw. When a defensive foul on the successful shooter is called with a bonus free throw, the passive possession is given to the defending team after a good last of a series free throw. This is a three point play. But with a missed free throw, it is always followed by an active possession. It becomes a defensive or an offensive rebound.

Teams constantly exchange possession (active or passive) of the ball.
The only exceptions are the offensive rebounds (active) and the technical fouls (passive).

Buzzer beater. Good shots that beat an end of a period: short game, quarter, halftime, game or an overtime. In the stats of the box score, a possession stat is not noticed, only the good shot is noticed in the shooting stats.
In the evaluation stats, with a good buzzer beater or a good bonus free throw, there is always an unused passive possession in the expiring time of the defending team and 1, 2, 3 even 4 points for the scoring team.

When the buzzer shot is missed, the shooter is getting a missed shot stat in the box score.
In an evaluation and in the evaluation formula: nothing is changed for the shooting or the defending team: no extra points, no extra rebounds and no extra possessions.